JNNURM, Basic Services the Urban Poor (BSUP)

Introduction
As per 2001 population census, 285.35 million people reside in urban areas. It constitutes 27.8% of the total population of the country. In post-independence era while population of India has grown three times, the urban population has grown five times. The rising urban population has also given rise to increase in the number of urban poor. As per 2001 estimates, the slum population is estimated to be 61.8 million. The ever increasing number of slum dwellers causes tremendous pressure on urban services and infrastructure. In order to cope with massive problems that have emerged as a result of rapid urban growth, it has become imperative to draw up a coherent urbanization policy/strategy to implement projects in select cities on mission mode.

Mission Statement
Reforms driven, fast track, planned development of identified cities with focus on efficiency in urban infrastructure/services delivery mechanism, community participation and accountability of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)/Para-statal towards citizen.

Mission Strategy
i. Planned urban perspective frameworks for a period of 20-25 years (with 7 yearly updates) indicating policies, programmes and strategies of meeting fund requirements, would be prepare by every identified city. This perspective plan would be followed by preparation of Development Plans integrating land use with services, urban transport and environment management for every seven year plan period. In this context, a City Development Plan (CDP) would be required before the city can access mission funds.
ii. Cities / urban agglomerations / parastatals will be required to prepare detailed Project Reports for undertaking projects under identified areas.
iii. Funds for the identified cities would be released to the designated State Nodal Agency, which in turn would leverage, to the extent feasible, additional resources from the State Govt., their own funds, funds of implementing agencies and funds from the financial institutions / private sector/capital market and external aid. A revolving fund would be created to take care of operation and maintance of various assets created under the mission.

Objective
The basic objective of the Scheme is to strive for slumless cities with a healthy and enabling urban environment by providing adequate shelter and basic infrastructure facilities to the slum dwellers of the identified urban areas.



JNNURM, Basic Services the Urban Poor (BSUP)

Introduction
As per 2001 population census, 285.35 million people reside in urban areas. It constitutes 27.8% of the total population of the country. In post-independence era while population of India has grown three times, the urban population has grown five times. The rising urban population has also given rise to increase in the number of urban poor. As per 2001 estimates, the slum population is estimated to be 61.8 million. The ever increasing number of slum dwellers causes tremendous pressure on urban services and infrastructure. In order to cope with massive problems that have emerged as a result of rapid urban growth, it has become imperative to draw up a coherent urbanization policy/strategy to implement projects in select cities on mission mode.

Mission Statement
Reforms driven, fast track, planned development of identified cities with focus on efficiency in urban infrastructure/services delivery mechanism, community participation and accountability of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)/Para-statal towards citizen.

Mission Strategy
i. Planned urban perspective frameworks for a period of 20-25 years (with 7 yearly updates) indicating policies, programmes and strategies of meeting fund requirements, would be prepare by every identified city. This perspective plan would be followed by preparation of Development Plans integrating land use with services, urban transport and environment management for every seven year plan period. In this context, a City Development Plan (CDP) would be required before the city can access mission funds.
ii. Cities / urban agglomerations / parastatals will be required to prepare detailed Project Reports for undertaking projects under identified areas.
iii. Funds for the identified cities would be released to the designated State Nodal Agency, which in turn would leverage, to the extent feasible, additional resources from the State Govt., their own funds, funds of implementing agencies and funds from the financial institutions / private sector/capital market and external aid. A revolving fund would be created to take care of operation and maintance of various assets created under the mission.

Objective
The basic objective of the Scheme is to strive for slumless cities with a healthy and enabling urban environment by providing adequate shelter and basic infrastructure facilities to the slum dwellers of the identified urban areas.